Traditionally a part of Ecuadorian chola or mestizo women’s dress, the macana, or fringed cotton shawl, signals social class and sets these women apart from indigenous and white women in the country. Although the use of the macana is in decline among younger women, a number of skilled ikat dyers and weavers around Cuenca still make these fine shawls. These fine, handwoven shawls are made in the studio of Jose Jimenez.
The black, brown, and white graphic designs on these ikat dyed, handwoven shawls make a bold statement. They consist of alternating patterned white and brown stripes.
The construction of the cotton textile is warp-faced plainweave. Shawls narrower that 29 1/2″ are typically woven on a backstrap loom. The shawl is medium-weight with a good drape. The edges are finished with a fine, 2″ knotted meshwork that ends in a long fringe.